Major changes to the highway code come into force on Saturday.

– 1. Hierarchy of road users

A new hierarchy means those responsible for vehicles that can cause the most damage in a collision have the greatest responsibility for watching out for other road users.

– 2. Walk, cycle or ride in shared spaces

Cyclists should not pass people walking or riding in nearby shared spaces or at high speeds, while pedestrians should be careful not to obstruct paths.

– 3. Positioning of cyclists

Cyclists should make themselves as visible as possible when riding in the center of lanes on quiet roads, in slower traffic and when approaching junctions.

New rules for junctions

– 4. Pedestrians crossing at crossroads

Curving traffic must yield when people are crossing or waiting to cross at intersections.

Traffic must yield to pedestrians.

– 5. Overtake cyclists

Drivers traveling at speeds of up to 30 mph must leave at least 1.5 meters when passing cyclists.

They should give more space when overtaking at higher speeds.

– 6. Open the car doors

Car occupants must open the doors using their hand on the opposite side of the door, turning their heads to look over their shoulder.

This technique, known as Dutch Reach, reduces the chance of doors opening in the way of cyclists and motorcyclists.

New rules at intersections

– 7. Overtake cyclists at crossroads

When cyclists are riding straight through a junction, they have priority over traffic waiting to enter or exit a side road, unless road signs or markings indicate otherwise.

– 8. Cycling in a group

Cyclists can ride two abreast, but must consider the needs of other road users when in a group.

– 9. Roundabouts

Drivers should take extra care when entering roundabouts to ensure they do not cut off cyclists.

10. Charging electric vehicles

Owners of electric cars using a public charging station should park close to the device and avoid creating a tripping hazard due to trailing cables.